How to Grow Strawberries Organically – Complete Growing Guide

You well lover one and welcome to another very exciting episode here on the my garter channel this is going to be another complete growing guide on strawberries now strawberries have to be probably one of our most commonly requested growing guys and and I don’t know why we haven’t done one already we’ve been growing strawberries for quite a long time here on the Emma Gardner Channel and I know I’ve done lots of videos on them but I’m never going to complete growing guide on one so first off I’m sorry second of all let’s get into it so with strawberries typically they will come bare root in their dormant rhizome no strawberries are much like much like asparagus will have a dormant rhizome that they’ll send up shoots from and you can buy one year two year three year roots when it comes to asparagus however with strawberries you just buy strawberry dormant strawberry rhizomes and you get basically whatever they are willing to sell you so it really comes to the comes down to the supplier of how good the quality is what I have found is that with more of your reputable suppliers they will they will sell you a second year rhizome so something is going to fruit the second year in a rare case I did come across a supplier selling a first year rhizome they’re very very dinky plants don’t have very good root growth and they’re just small and they would be pathetic so I sent them back and I will for the purpose of keeping things on bias I will leave their name out of this video because it’s complete growing guidin and a lot of people watch these and I don’t necessarily want to throw them under the bus because it could have been a mistake as well so pretty much we just go with with Bonnie’s plants have excellent excellent growing plants I’m we’ve gone with those in the past but also as far as you know good supplier young seeds sells these that’s where we got these dormant ones and also very very good pretty much price-wise is you’re going to get about 25 plants for $and you really can’t beat that so that’s a great that’s a great deal as well but but find your supplier that works you know check around check reviews certainly everyone has their two cents to put in and I am you know I’m not I’m not brand loyal to anybody I just I care for quality and I’ve had good luck with both of those so Bonnie’s plants if you want to go with live plants you can find those at Lowe’s and Home Depot already sprouted and kind of in soil and then the dormant ones now I do say typically well I mean this is pretty much a guaranteed thing they will be cheaper if you get them from doormat plants then if you get them from you know the greenhouse you’ll typically get four to six plants for maybe four dollars versus versus 25 plants for ten so definitely a good deal to go with dormant but dormant you will have some that don’t come back so there’s that risk as well involved now when you get your dormant plants you want to make sure that you soak them in water I just took the whole bag and just dunked it into a big bucket of water overnight and I let the roots just soak in that water to hydrate the roots and so that way the the roots are really well at hydrated they’re going to come out of dormancy more quickly another thing that you want to make sure of is that there’s absolutely no crown rot now crown rot would be something that would that would occur if the if the grower had put the plant had held the plants up too high I always check for that because it’s a it’s a mistake that they would make and it’s a mistake that shouldn’t be your fault so make sure you check out for that and one way you can see if they have crown rot is by simply it well if there’s green growth they don’t have crown rot if there’s just if there’s nothing coming out like this one right here I’ll give it a squeeze if the rhizome is firm and there’s no white kind of pus coming out it’s not really puss but if it’s like a white like a white goop kind of coming out you have crown rot it’s quite firm so it’s most likely just a rhizome that has not come out of dormancy yet but check for that because you shouldn’t be buying something that you know is their fault it’s very common but you still shouldn’t be paying for 25 plants and only get you know only get 22 or 23 plants so I always check for that that’s first thing I do want to take mout of the box I soak them in water and then what I do is I prepare my soil – strawberries are some of your heaviest feeding plants and I almost said tomatoes for some reason because I guess they probably take up about as much nutrients as tomatoes do I feed them such high nitrogen that pretty much for the first year I will give them nothing but nitrogen to boost the plant up I don’t worry about flowering I don’t worry about fruit if they do fruit and flower that’s great but that’s not my objective for the first year but first my first and foremost objective is to get to plant up to size so that it can fruit heavily the next year and the only way to do that is to give it high nitrogen we give all of our plants trifecta plus and I will feed each plant a quarter cup of trifecta and that feeds them for the whole season let’s get back to the bed here let’s plant them up because there’s a very important way you want to plant your crowns so that you don’t have crown rot and also so that they can come out of dormancy a little bit better for you one let’s go all right so we’re going to dig our holes here we want to space our plants about a foot apart not super close but oftentimes I think people give them insane amounts of spacing and I kind of wonder why because they do send out runners yes this is true but the plant itself does not get much bigger than around you know probably a foot in diameter so really by spacing it out 11 to 12 inches you’re going to be a okay so in this bed right here I’m going to be able to plant four for these plants and in this in a row here so what you want to do to eliminate crown rot so you don’t do it because it is very easy to do is make sure that you hold the plant when you back because if it goes if the plant goes way down here in the hole what you’re going to do is you’re going to have soil come up onto the crown and that is what causes crown rot strawberries are extremely susceptible so what I always say is never ever ever plant them any deeper than where their roots begin so you can see the roots begin right here I will never plant any further up because that is exactly how you get crown rot it just stresses the plant out and will eventually kill it because it there’s there’s no roots that are going to form up the plant so the next thing I’ll do is I will make sure I kind of untangle the roots and fan them out in a radius so that you kind of have like a mop that you’ve just smashed on the floor a lot of times people plant them with all their roots really bunched up close together not a good strategy it’s just not a good strategy at all it really is counterproductive to how these plants grow because strawberry runners have a very shallow root system and they don’t I mean they will go deep but they prefer to go out rather than down so that’s just how they tend to grow so that’s the first one planted and I’m going to plant up some more as we talk about some of their other needs so when it comes to sunlight we planted ours in a bed that gets right around eleven to twelve hours of Sun I tend to say you can’t really give them too much Sun because the strawberries are one of those plants that if you give them too much Sun it would be a miracle i I’ve never never quite heard of a strawberry plant getting too much Sun so make sure they get at least 5 to 7 hours and and they’ll do great now as far as soil type goes they love because they are very very hungry plants they love a very nutrient dense rich in organic matter soil this also means that it’s well draining so that they so the roots can spread out great quickly and and you know what I’m actually going to be able to only get three plants in here I don’t know what I was thinking so I’m going to get three plants in a row here instead of four so ignore my last comment about planting four plants in a row so yep so we’re going to get we’re getting three plants in a row here and that’s going to be totally fine and so the soil just make sure it’s really loose really well draining that we don’t have any any root rot or anything like that because they are very susceptible to rot and then also make sure that it is a pH of seven you don’t want very acidic soil you don’t want very alkaline soil strawberries really do appreciate just a pH balanced soil and so you can take up nutrients well grow very well and be very strong for you alright so when it comes to watering I just typically say give them what your garden gets which is about an inch of water a week and that’s basically like if you took if you took a box if you took a box and took a took a square foot and one inch high and you filled that with water that’s about how much water you should be giving them and so 12-inch 12-inch square by 12 inch square by one inch high should hold right around a half gallon two to three quarters of a gallon of water and so that’s about how much I give them a week and they’re really not super particular because they’re they’re quite Hardy when it comes to to drought tolerance but they also don’t want to dry out either because you’ll find that your your berries if you give them good water your berries will be nice and shiny and one way you can tell that they don’t have enough water is if your berries have kind of a dull color if they don’t have a good shine to the skin it means they’re dehydrated and so that’s a good rule of thumb to go by as how your berries look but also it’s it’s better to just make sure they have enough water in the beginning then to get your fruit and say oh I’m clearly not giving them enough water so so I go by that rule of of an inch of water a week and your your fruit are your fruit production is going to be far far superior than if you had head you let it dry out oftentimes your strawberries in the fall will produce runners which are additional plans I always recommend pruning off your runners in the fall now oftentimes people say well why not prune them off in the spring because they’re going to be on the mother plant they’re gonna be able to survive through the winter better and and then fruit in the spring for you this is true this is absolutely true however you’ll find that oftentimes those runners will suck that energy away from the mother plant and the mother plant will be the plant that dies and then you’ll have just kind of miscellaneous plants that might have survived I always stress cutting the the runners in the fall and then transplanting them and the ones that survive great by guaranteed have a very healthy stock of mother plants that are going to produce year after year and produce very well for me and finally the last thing that I want to do is I want to after three years replace the strawberries so that’s where I’m going to take those runners move them over to a new bed and prep that the kind of the next generation of strawberries because after about three or four years your strawberry production will just drop it happens so what you want to do is just kind of keep that in mind and add about two years three years start taking your runners to prepare for when you pull these out of the ground and that way you can always have a very steady production of strawberries so that’s all there is to growing strawberries hopefully you all enjoyed hopefully you learn something new and as always this is Luke from the mi Gardner channel reminding you to grow big or go home we’ll see you later bye you.